Related Planning InitiativesWhile the PNCIMA process has focused on developing a strategic level plan for the area, many other marine-based planning processes are under way at various scales both within and adjacent to PNCIMA. The intended role of the PNCIMA plan is to provide an overarching marine EBM framework that is available to guide marine planning and management at these other scales.
- Large Ocean Management Area Plans
- Land Use Plans
- Marine Use Plans
- First Nations Plans
- Marine Protected Area Planning
- West Coast Aquatic
- Environmental Assessments
- Fisheries Management
LOMAs are established to advance collaborative management. For each LOMA, all levels of government, Aboriginal groups, industry organizations, environmental and community groups, and academia work together to develop a strategic, long-term plan for sustainable management of resources within its boundaries.
Under the Oceans Act, Fisheries and Oceans Canada is responsible for leading development and implementation of integrated management activities within Canadian marine waters.
In 2005, Canada’s Oceans Action Plan identified PNCIMA as one of five priority LOMAs for the implementation of integrated oceans management planning in Canadian waters. Other LOMAs include:
Land use plans for areas adjacent to the PNCIMA planning area include the Central Coast and North Coast Land and Resource Management Plans (Coast Land Use Decision), Council of the Haida Nation/B.C. protected area management plans on Haida Gwaii, and the Vancouver Island Regional Land Use Plan. The Nisga’a Final Agreement defines the rights of the Nisga’a Nation with respect to marine and freshwater resources in the Nass area at the northern extent of the planning area.
Johnston Strait-Bute Inlet Coastal Plan, Quatsino Sound Coastal Plan, and North Island Straits Coastal Plan. In addition, the Marine Planning Partnership for the North Pacific Coast (MaPP) , a partnership between the Province of British Columbia, Coastal First Nations Great Bear Initiative, North Coast–Skeena First Nations Stewardship Society and Nanwakolas Council, is developing sub-regional coastal and marine plans for the North Coast, the Central Coast, North Vancouver Island and Haida Gwaii. DFO is not involved in the MaPP planning process. The MaPP initiative shares the same footprint as PNCIMA and both draws from, and builds on, the PNCIMA plan. For example, MaPP has adopted the EBM framework established through the PNCIMA initiative. MaPP partners are working with stakeholders and the public to develop strategies and spatial plans that will inform the development, use and protection of marine spaces throughout the area.
Gwaii Haanas National Marine Conservation Area Reserve and Haida Heritage Site may help achieve some of the goals and objectives outlined within this PNCIMA plan. Information gathered by Parks Canada and the Council of the Haida Nation was available to the PNCIMA initiative throughout the plan’s development.
Similarly, Environment Canada’s Canadian Wildlife Service is leading an initiative to establish a National Wildlife Area in the marine waters surrounding the Scott Islands off the northwestern tip of Vancouver Island. This proposed protected marine area would conserve the marine foraging habitat of the largest seabird colony in British Columbia as well as conserve marine habitats for other wildlife that uses the area.
DFO has also proposed that the Hecate Strait/Queen Charlotte Sound glass sponge reefs be designated as a candidate marine protected area, which would provide comprehensive and long-term management and protection for this unique area.
Bowie Seamount Marine Protected Area/SGaan Kinghlas Haida Protected Area was officially designated under the Oceans Act in April 2008. Although the area is outside the PNCIMA boundary, there are ecological linkages to PNCIMA.
Coastal Strategy to improve and protect the health and wealth of the west coast of Vancouver Island. The northern extent of the management area for the Coastal Strategy is adjacent to the southern extent of PNCIMA.