Related Planning Initiatives

While the PNCIMA process has focused on developing a strategic level plan for the area, many other marine-based planning processes are under way at various scales both within and adjacent to PNCIMA. The intended role of the PNCIMA plan is to provide an overarching marine EBM framework that is available to guide marine planning and management at these other scales.

Other Large Ocean Management Area (LOMA) Plans

Large ocean management areas (LOMAs) are marine regions established for planning purposes. They form the planning basis for implementation of integrated management plans. LOMAs are typically hundreds of square kilometres in size. Their boundaries are determined using a combination of ecological and administrative considerations. LOMAs are delineated so that ecosystem health and economic development issues within their boundaries can be addressed and suitably managed.

LOMAs are established to advance collaborative management. For each LOMA, all levels of government, Aboriginal groups, industry organizations, environmental and community groups, and academia work together to develop a strategic, long-term plan for sustainable management of resources within its boundaries.

Under the Oceans Act, Fisheries and Oceans Canada is responsible for leading development and implementation of integrated management activities within Canadian marine waters.

In 2005, Canada’s Oceans Action Plan identified PNCIMA as one of five priority LOMAs for the implementation of integrated oceans management planning in Canadian waters. Other LOMAs include:

Land Use Plans

A variety of land use plans provide direction on the use and allocation of resources in coastal B.C. Participants in these planning processes recognized that upland activities could have a major bearing on the marine environment, and agreed that more comprehensive integrated marine use planning should be undertaken following completion of regional land use plans. Furthermore, a number of the resulting land use agreements led to the designation of coastal protected areas (which include the marine environment), which require complementary nearshore and foreshore marine planning.

Land use plans for areas adjacent to the PNCIMA planning area include the Central Coast and North Coast Land and Resource Management Plans (Coast Land Use Decision), Council of the Haida Nation/B.C. protected area management plans on Haida Gwaii, and the Vancouver Island Regional Land Use Plan. The Nisga’a Final Agreement defines the rights of the Nisga’a Nation with respect to marine and freshwater resources in the Nass area at the northern extent of the planning area.

Marine Use Plans

Marine use plans exist at different scales within the PNCIMA boundary, and include the Johnston Strait-Bute Inlet Coastal Plan, Quatsino Sound Coastal Plan, and North Island Straits Coastal Plan. In addition, the Marine Planning Partnership for the North Pacific Coast (MaPP) , a partnership between the Province of British Columbia, Coastal First Nations Great Bear Initiative, North Coast–Skeena First Nations Stewardship Society and Nanwakolas Council, is developing sub-regional coastal and marine plans for the North Coast, the Central Coast, North Vancouver Island and Haida Gwaii. DFO is not involved in the MaPP planning process. The MaPP initiative shares the same footprint as PNCIMA and both draws from, and builds on, the PNCIMA plan. For example, MaPP has adopted the EBM framework established through the PNCIMA initiative. MaPP partners are working with stakeholders and the public to develop strategies and spatial plans that will inform the development, use and protection of marine spaces throughout the area.

First Nations Plans

A number of the First Nations have developed plans and management tools at multiple scales. These include community, sub-regional and regional integrated marine use plans comprised of goals, objectives, strategies, collaborative government relationships, spatial management and various partnerships with stakeholders.

Marine Protected Area Planning

The PNCIMA planning process also has linkages to a number of marine protected areas. Planning within the Gwaii Haanas National Marine Conservation Area Reserve and Haida Heritage Site may help achieve some of the goals and objectives outlined within this PNCIMA plan. Information gathered by Parks Canada and the Council of the Haida Nation was available to the PNCIMA initiative throughout the plan’s development.

Similarly, Environment Canada’s Canadian Wildlife Service is leading an initiative to establish a National Wildlife Area in the marine waters surrounding the Scott Islands off the northwestern tip of Vancouver Island. This proposed protected marine area would conserve the marine foraging habitat of the largest seabird colony in British Columbia as well as conserve marine habitats for other wildlife that uses the area.

DFO has also proposed that the Hecate Strait/Queen Charlotte Sound glass sponge reefs be designated as a candidate marine protected area, which would provide comprehensive and long-term management and protection for this unique area.

Bowie Seamount Marine Protected Area/SGaan Kinghlas Haida Protected Area was officially designated under the Oceans Act in April 2008. Although the area is outside the PNCIMA boundary, there are ecological linkages to PNCIMA.

West Coast Aquatic

West Coast Aquatic has produced an integrated Coastal Strategy to improve and protect the health and wealth of the west coast of Vancouver Island. The northern extent of the management area for the Coastal Strategy is adjacent to the southern extent of PNCIMA.

Environmental Assessments (EAs)

Regulatory processes that are currently underway, such as environmental assessments, will not be superseded by the PNICMA Initiative. However, outcomes from PNCIMA will serve as a tool to inform future processes.

Fisheries Management

There are existing processes in place to discuss issues around quota, allocation and total allowable catch. Although the PNCIMA initiative does not provide a mechanism to address these issues, it does aim to develop socio-economic and ecological objectives that would inform fisheries management, as well as enable discussions about spatial use and conservation areas.